General Information



The General Types of Conditions I Treat

Relief of pain from musculoskeletal or neurological conditions;  Assisting healing and recovery after illness, surgery, or trauma; Chronic or disabling migraine headaches; Menstrual and menopausal conditions; Long-term chronic conditions that are becoming progressively worse or intermittently severe;  Endocrine disorders, such as diabetes or thyroid problems, where the primary condition is being monitored by a Western-trained physician;  Cancer where there are specific treatment goals other than cure (e.g., decrease of pain; reduction of side effects of radiation and chemotherapy; lessening of edema; palliative treatment of associated conditions.)


Training and Credentials

My training was at the American College of Traditional Chinese Medicine in San Francisco where I received a master’s degree in Chinese Medicine.  I have current board certifications in Oriental Medicine, Acupuncture, and Chinese Herbology from the National Certification Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine.  I also have certifications in Chinese tui na bodywork, Physical Rehabilitation Training, and biofeedback.  I am licensed to practice acupuncture and Oriental medicine in Hawaii and Oregon.  I also have BA, MS, and PhD degrees in subjects not directly related to Oriental medicine.


Initial and Subsequent Appointments

The initial appointment consists of discussing the complaint that brought you in, reviewing your prior medical history, and conducting a physical examination appropriate for the situation.  I then explain my findings and make recommendations for treatment.  We will also discuss forms of treatment other than those I recommended so that you can make a reasoned decision about how to proceed.  Usually, this initial process takes between ten minutes and one half hour.  A treatment usually follows the initial interview.


Nature of Treatments

Acupuncture is the insertion of very thin needles under the skin surface or into muscles.  The needles are sterile, used only once, then discarded.  The number of needles used may range from one to several, with four to six being average.  There may be various sensations felt with needle insertion, however that sensation generally is not pain.  Acupressure is the application of pressure, force, or stretching at a specific point or points on the body or along the course of tissue or muscle.  This is not the same as massage.  Acupressure has the same diagnostics and therapeutic goals as acupuncture, and is generally used in conjunction with needle therapy.  Electro-acupuncture is the application of a very minute electrical current to needles; it is used for specific types of nerve, muscle, or pain conditions.  Electro-therapy is the application of electricity to the skin surface using electrodes or pads to achieve muscle relaxation and pain relief.  There is a very slight sensation involved.


Number of Treatments Required

This is a difficult question and one that we discuss during the initial interview.  Therapeutic success depends upon treatment goals, how long a condition has been present and its severity, your underlying health, and response to treatment.  My style is to group treatments close together, then to take a break and observe.  Generally, this allows the body to adjust to improvements brought about by treatment and often results in a fewer total number of treatments being required.  In most cases, my recommendation is to evaluate progress after three treatments.


Herbal Formulae

Oriental medicine uses herbs combined into specific formulae.  This is a very sophisticated and powerful system of medicine completely separate from acupuncture, although the two are often used at the same time.  In some cases, herbs are the treatment of choice.  Depending upon the condition being treated, I may recommend that you take herbs in the form of pills, tinctures, water-soluble powders, or raw bulk herbs that are boiled.  Purity and safety of the plant materials is always considered, with organic products being used whenever possible.  

Medical Records
Your personal and health information is preserved and protected under federal guidelines.  No information is released without your permission or as permitted by law.  To view my medical records security policy click here.


I carry error and omissions insurance.  There has never been a claim made against my liability insurance policy, and no complaint made to any state licensing board. 

Unless other arrangements are made, payment is expected at time of service. I accept cash, check, or credit cards. Fees for services are detailed in the current fee schedule. I accept all major credit cards, checks, and cash.  I do not accept health insurance other than worker's compensation and motor vehicle personal injury protection.  Generally, a first visit costs $125 with subsequent visits being $100.  However, no one is turned away for inability to pay.  There are a variety of ways to make payment fit your budget.



Image of acupuncture needles